African kingdoms the songhai empire

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African kingdoms the songhai empire

Songhai people In ancient times there were several different groups of people that collectively formed the Songhai identity. Among the first people to settle in the region of Gao were the Sorko people, who established small settlements on the banks of the Niger River.

The Sorko fashioned boats and canoes from the wood of the cailcedrat tree and fished and hunted from their boats and provided water-borne transport for goods and people.

Another group of people that moved into the area to exploit the Niger's resources were the Gow people. The Gow were hunters and specialized in hunting river animals such as crocodile and hippopotamus.

They were farmers who raised crops in the fertile lands bordering the river. Sometime before the 10th century, these early settlers were subjugated by more powerful, horse-riding Songhai speakers, who established control over the area.

All these groups of people gradually began to speak the same language African kingdoms the songhai empire they and their country eventually became known as the Songhai. Za Dynasty The earliest dynasty of kings is obscure and most of the information about this dynasty comes from an ancient cemetery near a village called Saneyclose to Gao.

Inscriptions on a few of the tombstones in the cemetery indicate that this dynasty ruled in the late 11th and early 12th centuries and that the rulers from this dynasty bore the title of Malik.

ADDITIONAL MEDIA

Other tombstones mention a second dynasty, whose rulers bore the title zuwa. There is only myth and legend to describe zuwa origins. The Chronicle reports that the legendary founder of the Za or the Zuwa dynasty was called Za Alayaman, who originally came from Yemen and settled in the town of Kukiya.

Gao Empire The camel-riding Sanhaja tribes were among the early people of the Niger bend region. They were locally known as the Tuareg. These tribes rode out of the great Sahara Desert and established trading settlements near the Niger. As time passed, North African traders crossed the Sahara and joined the Tuaregs in their Niger bend settlements.

As trade in the region increased, the Songhai chiefs took control of the profitable commerce around what was to later become Gao.

African kingdoms the songhai empire

Between andas the Ghana Empire prospered as the "land of gold" far to the west, the trading centre at Gao became an increasingly important terminus for trade across the Sahara.

And by the 10th century, the Songhai chiefs had established Gao as a small kingdom, taking control of the people living along the trade routes. At aroundGao had become so prosperous that it attracted the attention of the Mali Empire and its rulers.

Gao was subsequently conquered by them and Mali profited from Gao's trade and collect taxes from its kings until about the s. Troubles in the Mali homelands made it impossible to maintain control of Gao. He arrived by boat from Timbuktu on his return journey from visiting the capital of the empire: There is much rice there, and milk, and chickens, and fish, and the cucumber, which has no like.

Furthermore, the ruinous reign of Mari Djata II left the empire in bad financial shape, but the empire itself passed intact to Musa II. However, the real power in the empire was in the hands of Mari Djata, Musa's kankoro-sigui.The history of the continent from an African perspective.

With hundreds of pages, and multi-media, the BBC investigates the events and characters that have made African history from the origins of.

African Kingdoms West Africa Songhai Empire nationwidesecretarial.com 7th Century - The Songhai state has existed in Africa in one form or another for over a thousand years.

This period by which time it was the one of the largest African empires in terms of territory. African Kingdoms has a section about the Songhai Empire The Story of Africa: Songhay — BBC World Service Askiyah's Questions and al-Maghili's Answers is an essay about the rule of the Songhai Empire from the 15th nationwidesecretarial.comment: Empire.

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West African societies were shaped by competition for wealth and the search for independence from more powerful kingdoms. Songhai, African Empire, th Century | South African History Online Skip to main content.

Songhai empire: Songhai empire,, great trading state of West Africa (fl. 15th–16th century), centred on the middle reaches of the Niger River in what is now central Mali and eventually extending west to the Atlantic coast and east into Niger and Nigeria.

African kingdoms the songhai empire

Though the Songhai people are said to have established.

Kingdoms of Africa - Niger