An examination of the issue of obesity

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An examination of the issue of obesity

And it is not just a weight problem: Overweight and Obesity Defined Overweight and obesity are defined by the body mass index BMIwhich is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters.

A BMI of 25 to However, BMI is not a perfect measurement; it does not distinguish lean mass from fat mass, nor does it take into account racial or ethnic differences.

Other factors to be considered include waist and neck circumference, overall fitness, and lifestyle. Harold Bays, now makes it a treatment goal to return adipose tissue function to normal. In children, obesity is assessed differently. In children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years, a BMI at or above the 85th, but lower than the 95th, percentile indicates overweight; a child with a BMI at or above the 95th percentile is considered to have obesity.

How Prevalent Is the Problem? Obesity is widespread, according to the CDC. Regionally, the South had the highest prevalence One independent study of metropolitan areas in the United States revealed that the Provo-Orem, UT area had the lowest incidence of obesity on a score of 1 towith 1 being the lowest and the Shreveport-Bossier City, LA area had the highest.

An examination of the issue of obesity

The New York metropolitan area is in the middle, with a score of At the greatest risk for obesity are Hispanics and non-Hispanic black women Obesity is more prevalent in middle-aged adults, aged 40 to 59 years Women with higher incomes are less likely to have obesity than those with lower incomes.

Although no correlation has been found between obesity and education in men, women with college degrees are less likely to have obesity than those with less education.

Legislative: Obesity: From a Health Issue to a Political and Policy Issue

What Is the Impact of Obesity on Society? Lifetime medical costs for a year-old child with obesity are staggering: In the Workplace In the workplace, decreased productivity and increased absenteeism due to overweight and obesity is a huge economic burden on our society. The cost is more than just financial, however.

Obesity can lead to early mortality and increased susceptibility to other diseases, and can have an incalculable impact on quality of life, as well as on the family.

Building an Evidence Base for Comprehensive Action.Obesity is associated with a higher prevalence of asthma than found in the BMI-classified healthy weight population. Sleep apnea is a sleep-associated breathing disorder that causes people to stop breathing during sleep and is more common in the obese than BMI-classified healthy weight individuals.

Feb 13,  · Children have become heavier as well. In the past 30 years, the prevalence of childhood obesity has more than doubled among children ages 2 to 5, has nearly tripled among youth ages 6 to 11, and has more than tripled among adolescents ages 12 to However, recent data suggest that the rate of.

OBJECTIVES: To provide updated prevalence data on obesity trends among US children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years from a nationally representative sample.

METHODS: We used the NHANES for years to Weight status was determined by using measured height and weight from the physical examination component of the NHANES to calculate age- and sex-specific BMI. Reimagining Obesity in A JAMA Theme Issue on Obesity.

Defining Overweight and Obesity

Edward H. Livingston, MD 1. Author Affiliations Article Information. 1 JAMA, Chicago, Illinois.

Adult Obesity Rates and Statistics

JAMA. Although bariatric surgery results in weight loss when viewed in terms of a population of patients, examination of individual patient weight loss showed substantial variation. Abstract. Obesity in the United States is an issue that has been labeled by Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), Learning Team D examines the.

OBJECTIVES: To provide updated prevalence data on obesity trends among US children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years from a nationally representative sample.

An examination of the issue of obesity

METHODS: We used the NHANES for years to Weight status was determined by using measured height and weight from the physical examination component of the .

Reimagining Obesity in A JAMA Theme Issue on Obesity | Obesity | JAMA | JAMA Network