Cause effect essay drug abuse

When to Get Help Addiction is a disease that affects your brain and behavior.

Cause effect essay drug abuse

The theory implies that there is a causal mechanism that biologically sensitizes drug users, making them more willing to try—and more desirous of—harder drugs. Research shows that the vast majority of marijuana users do not go on to use hard drugs. Most stop using after entering the adult social world of family and work.

So why is it still part of the rhetoric and controversy surrounding the drug? A closer look reveals the historical roots—and vested interests—that are keeping the myth alive. Poverty and poor social environment is a gateway to drugs, according to much research. Association with people who use hard drugs is a better predictor of Cause effect essay drug abuse drug use.

Certain mental illnessessuch as antisocial personality and bipolar disorderare found to predispose some people to use drugs. Other research notes that criminalization and prohibition are real gateways to harder drugs.

But what about all that evidence? Most of the research linking marijuana to harder drug use comes from the correlation between the two. However, as any junior scientist can tell you, correlation does not mean causation. Correlation is a first step.

A correlation can be positive or negative; it can be weak or strong.

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And it never means a cause unless a rational reason for causality is found. The brain disease modelwhich describes changes in the brain during the progression from drug use to addiction, currently gets a lot of attention as a potential causal link of the gateway theory.

The reasoning goes that this would predispose them to use other drugs. But other researchers were quick to point out the flaws of the Gilman study, such as a lack of careful controls for alcohol and other drug use by those whose brains were studied. In another study supporting the gateway theory, the authors admit to limitations in their study: This means that those cases that might provide evidence of no gateway effect were left out of the analysis.

Unfortunately, the common thread among these studies is that much of them come from outside the U. As Nathan Greenslit explained in an Atlantic article last year, U. The Nixon administration strengthened drug control with the creation of the Drug Enforcement Agency, which classified marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug, against the advice of the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse.

Because marijuana is still officially classified in the U.

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On the rare occasions that researchers do get approval, local politics can thwart the study. Meanwhile, in the United States, addiction researchers and addiction treatment professionals are heavily invested in the weakly supported claim that marijuana is a gateway to hard drugs.

For decades, scientists who study addiction have received millions of dollars in government and pharmaceutical funding to perpetuate the gateway hypothesis. Many would lose their respected reputations or continued funding if a gateway mechanism is not a legitimate research goal. Those who work in the vast addiction treatment profession are especially invested in keeping the gateway theory believable, since the majority of their treatment patients are marijuana users.

Their jobs depend on a belief in addiction as a disease and on marijuana being an addictive drug. Sociologists Craig Reinarman and Harry G. Levine described how the media and politicians manufacture drug scares to influence policy.

One fear perpetuated is that marijuana use will increase if decriminalized.

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But a study compared Amsterdam, where marijuana was decriminalized, to San Francisco, where cannabis was, at the time, still criminalized. The gateway fear has focused mostly on youth. These studies showed structural changes and loss of white matter in marijuana users, although the limitations of these studies and implications were questioned by other research.

Nor has this trend been noted in studies of U. For example, in an article published in the American Academy of Pediatrics, the authors found no evidence that young people had increased marijuana use in states that had legalized medical or recreational marijuana.

Cause effect essay drug abuse

The worst impact on kids, according to these authors, was the potential for criminal prosecution.A cause and Effect essay is where a writer analyses the consequences or reasons for a subject,action or event. There are different types of cause and effect that one may take into consideration.

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The. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Substance misuse causes considerable harm and is presently an immense global issue of public concern. It is a wide-ranging problem, damaging individuals, families and .

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It can include such tactics as verbal, nonverbal, psychological, physical abuse and nationwidesecretarial.com type of workplace aggression is particularly difficult because, unlike the typical school bully, workplace bullies often operate within the established rules.

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