Use an editor to spell check essay. The popularity of Volleyball has increased dramatically over past years.
The impacts commoditization on tourism is the focus of this paper. Ooi ,when researching the contrasting strategies Denmark and Singapore have taken in tourism, coined three terms to describe some important issues that the commoditization of tourism has facilitated.
Heteroglossia, refers to the conflict of commercial and cultural contexts in tourism; polyphony, highlights the ubiquitous voice of the authorities in managing the clashes of tourism and local culture; and the carnivalesque refers to the spheres of activities beyond the control of the authorities.
Essay on commodification three concepts are loosely used as the foundation for this paper. Growth of a tourism industry in a developing country is often a double edged sword.
On the one hand, it is not uncommon for the growth to begin even before the government commits to supporting the venture, leaving its development up to the private sector Dahles, This places the pressure of development initiatives upon the private sector and, while they are likely to gain income for their efforts they are no match for the large scale companies that will inevitably come knocking.
This informal private sector contains small-scale, mostly self-built and unorganized, entrepreneurs.
The formal sphere or large scale companies on the other hand, consists of large, capital Essay on commodification, well-structured, mostly multinational enterprises Roessingh, On the other hand, these large enterprises often bring with them significant investments, knowledge, and technology and can therefore contribute more to the economic growth of the country it enters than their smaller competitors would.
Because of their connections in the tourist markets, knowledge of the demands and standards of Western tourists and money to invest, these large multinational chain hotels, are at an extreme advantage over most local entrepreneurs.
The ties to western tour operators that the multinational companies often have enable them to quickly obtain a monopoly position, leaving the local businesses to slowly wither and die.
This ultimately meant another setback for the local businesses in the Puerto Plata region, as this all-inclusive system resulted in a further loss of business for the small shops, restaurants and hotels Roessingh, Increasing competitiveness among small entrepreneurs is another widespread problem.
Should a local entrepreneur somehow manage to keep their business afloat, their desperation can turn a small business into an uncomfortable environment. Most entrepreneurs would blame the government for their lack of opportunities within the tourism industry Roessingh, Tourism policies implemented by this government have focused on attracting foreign investments, leaving the small entrepreneurs in the tourism industry without access to the necessary resources for development.
By favouring the development of large resorts, financed by private investors, the government was able to attract large numbers of tourists and become an important tourist destination, but by ignoring the small entrepreneurs they have created a situation of economic dependency, frustration and confusion among the few local entrepreneurs that remain.
Ironically, the port of Puerto Plata has been left to deteriorate to such an extent that it is no longer able to harbour large cruise ships. The disappearance of the cruise ship industry has meant a major loss of clientele for the small businesses in Puerto Plata.
Mass production of native arts or crafts, for example, strip away their originality, reduce their quality and rob them of meaning. A decline in the number of skilled artisans who are unable to compete with mass production, is inevitable Wyllie.
Others disagree that commoditization could be a catalyst for cultural change. Goffmanfor example, described in his theory on social behaviour what he calls the front-stage and the back-stage, as two different settings for everyday life social behaviour.
McKean sees this as a process by which economic necessity and or conservatism pressure a people into retaining their traditional methods of artistic expression so that tourism thrives.
When a community is involved with the decision making of how to attract and maintain a tourist base and when they see financial benefit from their efforts to be accommodating hosts often they will shrug off inevitable inconveniences as minor irritations Wyllie. Different values, behaviour patterns, language and so on, are all possible causes for conflicts between the visiting and visited.
Social groups emerge with the development of the commoditization of tourism. Again, as previously stated, conflict between members of the host community can also arise due to competition for the tourist dollar.
Some believe that too frequently the arrival at this conclusion is founded largely on emotion, prejudices, and preconceptions Hughes, These indices were corporate, national, and site or destination specific.
What about the impacts commoditization has on the tourist itself? Some have suggested that commoditization has little impact on the tourist due to cultural ignorance, inevitably leaving them with lower expectations of authenticity Wyllie. How has commoditization impacted tourism?
Even the most savvy of caretakers are vulnerable to the might of the corporation and can ultimately lose any real control over their country that they originally had.
This monopoly forces the once independent locals into a position of dependency. Locals will eventually depend upon the hotels and restaurants to employ them, not so that they may thrive or prosper from the sharing of their homeland, but simply so that they may feed their families.
The intimacy once enjoyed by the tourist and the locals is all but lost, robbing both parties of a genuinely enriching cultural experience. The bully does not believe in intimacy or genuineness he only believes in volume. Conflict is encouraged by the commoditization bully.This sample Commodification Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.
Free research papers are not written by our writer READ MORE HERE. Gender Roles, Commodification and Advertisements Essay. Advertising has a great deal to say about gender identity.
Ads use visual images of men and women to grab our attention and persuade.
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Essay The commodification of life has become more and more of an issue as science has taken us further and further into the world of biotechnology and has created more opportunities to view human beings as products.
The Commodification Essay Commodification ” is the tendency that things can be bought and sold by a price. In this case, it gives four kinds of commodification examples. The popularity of Volleyball has increased dramatically over past years.
This is a result of commodification. Commodification is the process of turning something into a commodity that can be bought and sold. Over the past 20 years, Volleyball has evolved from a .