Reflexive account dissertation

He developed a reflection on space which he continued in his work on nomadism Du Nomadisme, Vagabondages initiatiques, La Table ronde, Maffesoli gave space a founding importance in social linkage and in the expression of subjectivity. Michel Maffesoli called to vote for Nicolas Sarkozy in the French presidential election of

Reflexive account dissertation

How the Issues Came to Be Addressing subjectivity and reflexivity appears to be a rather ambiguous task especially when we consider our experience of working on the FQS issues. On the one hand, we experienced fears also within the editorial team that working on this topic may damage one's reputation as a scientist: Talking about oneself may appear indecent and self-aggrandizing unless one belongs to a science studies discipline.

Additionally, the messenger may be called to account for the message—the message being that social sciences are inherently structured by historical, local, social and personal characteristics of those involved in them.

On the other hand, the feedback we received after our call for papers on "Subjectivity and Reflexivity in Qualitative Research" November was immense: All in all, we received and evaluated more than abstracts.

Living Theory Theses & Dissertation

Our early impression was that most submitters were rather "young," that is, still engaged in the process of establishing themselves in the social sciences, possessing a limited number of scientific routines and skills, struggling for the integration of being an individual and a researcher.

Since a more rigorous selection would not have been adequately possible only on the base of short summaries, we decided to go with a larger number of authors and to accompany the more inexperienced authors in the process of producing their texts.

Additionally, in the face of the number of potential contributions, we split the planned special issue into two parts: Including all contributions in one issue would have been impossible given the demands of the reviewing and publishing process.

The obvious decrease in the number of contributions was due to different reasons: Some texts were not completed on time, some did not pass the peer review process despite our support, and some were asked to resubmit for publication as single contributions apart from the FQS issues on "Subjectivity and Reflexivity Reflexive account dissertation Qualitative Research" especially those that did not squarely address our theme.

One important criterion was that the authors not limit their writing to programmatic statements about the relevance of subjectivity and reflexivity to the qualitative research process, but also provide empirically grounded evidence and examples of the way in which subjectivity influences the research process and to reflect on how these influences could be used as a tool to improve the quality of knowledge.

About the Difficulty to Talk About Ourselves Why is it so difficult to talk about ourselves and our presuppositions, choices, experiences, and actions during the research process in a sufficiently precise way so that it allows others to follow what we mean and did?

In part, it is so difficult because the demand to exclude the researcher's subjectivity and to include only what seems to be methodically controllable as a treatment is one of the most important imperatives of the modern science.

This imperative has been cultured by methodological prescriptions and has been realized by various methodological procedures. It is secured by the ways in which research projects are evaluated and funded, and it touches our hearts, minds and bodies in a very basic way.

Francis BACON formulated "de nobis ipsis silemus [we are silent concerning ourselves]" programmatically in his Novum Organumfirst published in Many objections had been raised since then against the idea of constructing objective knowledge.

Furthermore, some explicitly pledge for the re-introduction of subjects into the sciences—we are talking about ourselves" e. But this plea was predominantly a programmatic one, which is also apparent in the field of qualitative research, where "the phantom of undisturbed research settings is persisting: It is necessary because without such reflection the outcomes of the research process are regarded as "characteristics of objects," as "existing realities," despite their constructed nature that originates in the various choices and decisions researchers undertake during the process of researching.

In doing this, hardly any researcher begins with a personal question though in a way they might do, usually without expressing or knowing it: Posing a research question in many ways is influenced by what—at a special time or place, and belonging to a special scientific context—is regarded to be meaningful and appropriate.

Reflexive account dissertation

A problem, which necessarily occurs if one tries to formulate a research question is, that whatever should be researched must be named, independent of whether the researchers are concerned with the structure of a substance or its response in relation to other substances, if they are doing research on human cognition, if they are interested in the characteristics of a in terms of time or location familiar or unfamiliar culture, in a specific disease etc.

Thus, a psychologist interested in cognition presupposes that cognition "exists" or that it is possible to differentiate cognition from, for example, emotion or action. This choice is an active and therefore constructive process.

Once researchers have decided on the nature of their research object, they have to choose—and most times the choice has already been made on personal or disciplinary grounds—what "data" should be collected and what methods should be used.

Here, too, person, discipline, location and time of choice have a non-negligible impact on what counts or what ought to count as answerable—this impact exists despite the scientific construct of the appropriateness of the research method to research object.

It is a researcher, a subject, who enters into a specific relation with the research object, another subject or phenomenon. The concrete design of this interaction determines, what kind of data—after additional transformations often data input in a computer program in quantitative research or transcription of audio recordings in qualitative research —are the starting point for data analyses.

At the end of this process we find scientific facts that are thought to be and treated and described as characteristics of an object or as "existing" social reality. And although many qualitative researchers now acknowledge that scientific results are dependant on the specific conditions of location and time and contingent on the specific persons involved, the inter- subjective modes of constructing knowledge are hardly ever discussed publicly as the outcome of research.

Reflexive account dissertation

Even in many empirical studies, by explicitly taking constructionist perspectives, the researcher—inter-acting, choosing, pre-supposing, sympathetic—becomes invisible in favor of mirroring "the other," the object, the phenomenon.

Once again, research results resemble photographs that apparently need neither camera nor photographer to exist. Refusing to look for ways to creatively interpret this we will end with collections of more and more meaningless, increasingly segmented, peripheral and even trivial data Researchers should stop exclusively underlining treatment and manipulation of the object.

Instead, they should simultaneously and some times exclusively reflect and understand their role as observers. Trying to Talk About Ourselves:Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more.

Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. How to Write a Research Paper. What is a research paper?

A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. Aug 15,  · Reflexive essays often focus on an experience and your explanation of how that experience changed you or aided in your growth as an individual.

In short, reflexiveness achieves learning but also leaves you changed as a result%(24). Qualitative Inquiry in Clinical and Educational Settings: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Abstract: By publishing two FQS issues on "Subjectivity and Reflexivity in Qualitative Research," we address a topic that is central for modern science.

On the one hand, there are many demands from philosophy of science and there are numerous methods that aim at eliminating researchers' impact on. Philosophical Underpinnings. Phenomenology is one of many types of qualitative research that examines the lived experience of humans (Byrne, ).

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